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Biodiversity products (including secondary or non-timber forest products) of Xishuangbanna's ethnic minorities

Luo Aidong
National Nature Reserve Bureau
Jinghong, Xishuangbanna
Yunnan, China

 

as of June 2001

 

Scientific name

Family

Common name

used part

function

1

Abelmoschus manihot(Linn.) Medic

Malvaceae

leaf,root,stem,seed

medicine(m)

2

Acronychia pedunculata (Linn.) Miq.

Rutaceae

Acronychia

root

m

3

Aeginetia indica Linn.

Orobanchaceae

Aeginetia

whole plant

m

4

Aesculus lantsangensis Hu et Fang

Hippocastanaceae

seed

m

5

Alangium chinensis (Lour.) Harms

Alangiaceae

root, leaf , flower

m

6

Alocasia marcrorrhiza(Linn.) Schott

Araliacea

Giant alocasia

stem,root

m,startch source

7

Alternanthera sessilis (Linn.) DC.

Amaranthaceae

Racaba

whole plant

m

8

Amalocalyx yunnanensis Tsiang

Apocynaceae

liana, leaf;seed

m;fr

9

Amaranthus spinosus Linn.

Amaranthaceae

Prickly calalu

whole plant

m,vegetable(v)

10

Amaranthus viridis Linn.

Amaranthaceae

Green amaranthus

root

m

11

Amorphophallus virosus N.E.Brown.

Araceae

whole plant

fodder

12

Andrographis paniculata(Burm.f.) Nees

Acanthaceae

Kariyat

whole plant

m

13

Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl.

Orchidaceae

whole plant

m

14

Aralia armata (Wall.) Seem.

Araliaceae

Hercule's club

root, twig and leaf

m

15

Ardisia solanacea Roxb.

Myrsinaceae

Shoebutton ardisia

leaf

v

16

Aristolochia tagala Champ.

Aristolochiaceae

India birthwork

leave and seed

m

17

Arundina graminifolia (D.Con) Hockr.

Ochidaceae

bamboo orchid

napiform, leaf

m

18

Asclepias curassavica Linn.

Asclepiadaceae

whole plant

m

19

Boesenbergia rotunda (Linn.) Mansf.

Zingiberaceae

root

m

20

Brainea insignis (Hook.) J.Sm.

Blechnaceae

Cycad fern

root, stem

m

21

Broussonetia papyrifera (Linn.) L'Hert ex Vent

Moraceae

Common papermulberry

bark, seed, root, leaf

m, fiber, v

22

Bryophyllum pinnatu(Linn.f.) Oken

Crassulaceae

Airplant kalanchoe

whole plant

m

23

Buddleia asiatica Low.

Loganiaceae

Asian butterfly bush

leaf,root,seed

m

24

Caesalpinia minax Hance

Caesalpiniaceae

Snake bramble

leaf, seed

m

25

Caesalpinia minax Hance

Caesalpiniaceae

Snake bramble

leaf,seed

m

26

Caesalpinia occidentalis Linn.

Casalpiniaceae

Coffee senna

whole, root, seed

m

27

Callicarpa spp.

Verbenaceae

leaf

tea

28

Canthium parvifoliam Roxb.

Rubiaceae

Littleleaf canthium

twig, root

m

29

Capsicum frutescens Linn.

Solanaceae

Small pepper

seed

spice

30

Cassia occidentalis Linn.

Caesalpiniaceae

Coffee senna

whole plant,root,seed

m

31

Cassia tora Linn.

Caesalpiniaceae

Foetid cassia

seed,bark

m,fiber source

32

Cassytha filiformis Linn.

Lauraceae

whole plant

m

33

Cayratia javana DC.

Vitaceae

Mottled cissus

root, whole plant

m

34

Cayratia?

Vitaceae

root

m

35

Celosia cristata Linn.

Amaranthaceae

flower, seed

m

36

Chesalia curviflora Thw.

Rubiaceae

Buttonbush

root

m

37

Cibotium borometz (Linn.) J.Sm.

Dicksoniaceae

Lamb tratary

root, stem

m

38

Cipadessa baccifara Miq.

Meliaceae

root, bark

m

39

Cissus repens (Wight et Arn.) Merr.

Vitaceae

root, leaf

m

40

Clerodendron bungei Steud.

Verbenaceae

Rose Glorybower

whole plant

m

41

Clerodendron indicum (Linn.) O.Ktze.

Verbenaceae

Indian glorybower

whole plant,root

m

42

Clerodendrum Japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet

Verbenaceae

Japanese glorybower

whole plant,root

m

43

Coccinia grandis (Linn.) Voigt

Cucurbitaceae

seed

m

44

Codariocalyx gyroides (Roxb.ex Link) Hassk.

Papilionaceae

whole plant

m

45

Combretum yunnanensis Exell.

Combretaceae

seed

m

46

Conyza canadensis (Linn.) Cronq.

Compositae

whole plant

m

47

Costus lacerus Gagnep.

Zingiberaceae

root

m

48

Costus speciousus(Koenig) Smith

Zingiberaceae

Grape ginger

stem,root

m

49

Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S.Moore

Compositae

whole plant

m,v

50

Crucea javanica (Linn.) Merr.

Simarubaceae

False sumac

leaf,root,seed

m

51

Cruculigoorchioides Gaertn.

Hypoxidaceae

Golden eyed grass

root, stem

m

52

Curcuma albicoma S.Q.Tong

Zingiberaceae

root

m

53

Cycas pectinata Griff.

Cycadaceae

Nepal cycas

seed, stem

m

54

Dendrolobium triangulare (Retz.) Schindl.

Papilionaceae

whole plant,root

m

55

Dhretia spp.

Boraginaceae

leave and bark

m

56

Dillenia indica Linn.

Dilieniaceae

Elephant apple

root, bark

m

57

Disporopsis longifolia Craib

Liliaceae

root, stem

m

58

Dolichandrone stipulata (Wall.) Benth. Et Hook.f.

Bignoniaceae

flower; seed

v;m

59

Dracaena cambodiana?

Agvaceae

heart stem

m

60

Duperrea pavettaefolia (Kurz) Pitard

Rubiaceae

root

m

61

Ecdysanthera rosea Hook.et Arn.

Apocynaceae

Sour creeper

whole plant

m,v

62

Erythropalum scandens Bl.

Olacaceae

lear;whole

v;m

63

Euphorbia heterophylla Linn.

Euphorbiaceae

Painted euphorbia

whole plant

m

64

Euphoribia antiquorum Linn.

Euphorbiaceae

Aneients euphorbia

whole plant

m,green fence

65

Ficus hispida Linn.f.

Moraceae

Roughloaf stem fig

leaf,bark, root

m,fodder

66

Ficus vasculosa Wall.ex Miq.

Moraceae

White fig tree

leaf

v

67

Fissistigma acuminatissimum Merr.

Annonaceae

leave

m

68

Flueggea virosa (Roxb.et Willd.) Baill.

Euphorbiaceae

Snowberry

root, leaf

m

69

Gardenia sootepense Hutch.

Rubiaceae

leaf, flower, fruit, seed

m

70

Gendarussa vulgaris Nees

Acanthaceae

White justcia

whole plant

m

71

Gloriosa superba Linn.

Liliaceae

Malabar glory lily

tuber

m

72

Gregea volubilis (Linn.) Benth. Ex Hook.f.

Asclepiadaceae

leaf

v

73

Hedychium chrysoleucum Hook.

Zingiberaceae

Yellow gingerlily

root, stem;flower

m;ornamental

74

Hedyotis auricularia Linn.

Rubiaceae

Angla stemmed hedyotis

whole plant

m

75

Hedyotis diffusa Willd.

Rubiaceae

Spreading hedyotis

whole plant

m

76

Homalomena gigantea Engl.

Araceae

whole plant

m

77

Hoya pottsii Traill

Asclepiadaceae

leaf

m

78

Hydnocarpus annamensis (Gagnep.) Lescot et Sleumer

Flacourtiaceae

seed

m

79

Hyptianthera stricta (Roxb.) Wight et Arn.

Rubiaceae

stem,root

m

80

Kopsia officinalis Tsiang et P.T. Li

Apocynaceae

Yunnan kopsia

bark, seed, leaf

m

81

Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.

Cyperaceae

whole plant

m

82

Laggera pterodont(DC.) Benth.

Compositae

whole plant

m

83

Lasia spinosa (Linn.) Thw.

Araceae

Spiny taro

leaf;root, stem

m

84

Leea guineensis G. Don

Vitaceae

whole plant

m

85

Mallotus barbatu (Wall.) Muell.-Arg.

Euphorbiaceae

leaf,root

m

86

Measa indica (Wall.) A.DC.

Myrsinaceae

whole plant

m

87

Melia toosanden Sieb.et Zucc.

Meliaceae

Szechuan pagodatree

root, bark, fruit

m

88

Mimosa pudica Linn

Mimosaceae

Sensitive plant

whole plant

m

89

Mimosa pudica Linn.

Mimosaceae

Sensitive plant

whole plant

m

90

Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng

Cucurbitaceae

Wooden tortoese

seed, root

m

91

Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng

Cucurbitaceae

Wooden tortoese

leaf

v

92

Momordica subangulata Bl.

Cucurbitaceae

leaf;root

v;m

93

Musa acuminata Colla

Musaceae

Wild banana

flower,heart stem and leave

v and wraping

94

Neoalsomitra integrifoliola (Cogn.)Hutch.

Cucurbitaceae

root, liana

m

95

Neottopteris nidus (Linn.) J.Sm.

Aspleniaceae

Bird nest fern

whole plant

m

96

Oroxylum indicum (Linn.) Kurz

Bignoniaceae

India trumpet flower

seed,bark

m,v

97

Oxalis vorniculata Linn.

Oxalidaceae

Creeping oxalis

whole plant

m

98

Palhinheae cesnuua (Linn.) Franco et Vasc.

Lycopodiaceae

Sikkim club-moss

whole plant

m

99

Phrynium placentarium (Lour.) Merr.

Marantaceae

root

m

100

Phyllanthus emblica Linn.

Euphorbiaceae

Emblic leaf flower

seed

fruit, m

101

Phyllanthus flexuosus (Sieb. Et Zucc.) Muell. -Arg.

Euphorbiaceae

root

m

102

Phyllanthus niruri Linn.

Euphorbiaceae

Necklace plant

whole plant

m

103

Phyllanthus urinaria Linn.

Euphorbiaceae

Night closing leaf

whole plant

m

104

Piper flaviflorum C. DC.

Piperaceae

whole plant

m

105

Piper sarmenttosum Roxb ex Hunter

Piperaceae

whole plant

m,v

106

Plantago major Linn.

Plantaginaceae

Rippleseed plantain

whole plant

m

107

Platycerium wallichii Hook.

Platyceriaceae

Staghorn fern

whole plant

ornamental

108

Polygonum hydropiper Linn.

Polygonaceae

Water peper

whole plant

m

109

Portulaca oleracea Linn.

Portulacaceae

Pussley

whole plant

m

110

Pouzolzia zeylanic (Linn.) Bann.et Brown

Urticaceae

whole plant

m

111

Pratia nummularia (Lam.) A. Br. Et Aschers.

Lobeliaceae

Pratia

whole plant

m

112

Rhaphidophora ?

Araceae

whole plant

m

113

Sambucus chinensis Lindl.

Caprifoliaceae

Chinese elder

root, stem, leaf

m

114

Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai

Chloranthaceae

whole plant

m

115

Saurauia tristyla DC.

Sauraulaceae

bark, leaf, root

m

116

Schefflera octophyll (Lour.) Harms

Araliacea

Ivy tree

root,bark,leaf

m

117

Schizomussaenda dehiscens (Craib) H.L.Li

Rubiaceae

root

m

118

Scleropylum wallichianum Arn.var. mekongense Lecte.

Santalaceae

seed

oil, food

119

Sida acutaBurmfloruus

Malvaceae

Sida

leaf,root

m

120

Siegesbeckia orientalis Linn.

Compositae

Common St. paulswort

whole plant

m

121

Solanum coagulens Forsk.

Solanaceae

Wild Nightshade

fruit

m,v

122

Solanum myriacanthum Dunal

Solanaceae

Himalayan Nightshade

seed

m

123

Solanum nigrum Linn.

Solanaceae

leaf

v

124

Solanum spirale Roxb.

Solanaceae

leaf;whole

v;m

125

Solanum verbacifolium Linn

Solanaceae

Wild tobacco

root

m

126

Spilanthes paniculata Wall. Ex DC.

Compositae

whole plant

m

127

Spp.

Cucurbitaceae

whole plant

m

128

Spp.

Vitaceae

leaf

tea

129

Stelmatocryptom khasianum (Benth.) Wall.

Asclepiadaceae

root

m,aromatic oil

130

Stemona tuberosa Lour.

Stemonaceae

Stemona

root tuber

m

131

Steudnra colodcasiaefolia C. Koch.

Araceae

root, stem

m

132

Stixis suaviolens (Roxb.) Pierre

Capparidaceae

arillus; leaf; root;

fr;v;m

133

Tabernaemontana divarcata (Linn.) R. Br. Ex Roem .et Schult

Apocynaceae

root, leaf

m

134

Tacca chantrieri Andre

Taccaceae

stem,root

m

135

Trevesia palmata (Roxb.) Vis.

Araliaceae

Himalayan trevesia

root, leaf

m

136

Trewia nudiflora Linn.

Euphorbiaceae

seed;whole

m;timber

137

Uncaria spp.

Rubiaceae

whole plant

m

138

Urena lobata Linn.

Malvaceae

Candillo

whole plant

m

139

Vitex trifolia Linn

Verbenaceae

Seashore vitex

leaf, seed

m

140

Woodwardia japonic(Linn.f.) J.sm.

Blechnaceae

Japonese chain fern

stem,root

m

141

Zanthoxylum armatum DC.

Rutaceae

Chinese wingleaf pricklyash

root, seed;stem, leaf

m;sp

142

Zehneria javanica (Thunb.) S.K.Chen

Cucurbitaceae

root

m

143

Zingiber zerumbet (Linn.) Smith

Zingiberaceae

Zerumbet ginger

root, stem;leaf, flower

m,v, s



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